Taj Mahal History and Architecture


The Taj Mahal: A Symbol of Love and Perfection

The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, India, is one of the most iconic landmarks in the world. It is a mausoleum made of white marble and is considered to be a masterpiece of Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Let’s dive into the history and architecture of the Taj Mahal.

Taj Mahal History

The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and was completed in 1653. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the construction of the Taj Mahal as a tribute to his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died during childbirth. Shah Jahan was deeply affected by the death of his wife and decided to build a monument that would be the ultimate expression of his love for her. The construction of the Taj Mahal was a massive undertaking, and it is said that over 20,000 workers were involved in its construction.

Taj Mahal Architecture

The architecture of the Taj Mahal is a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles. The main building is made of white marble and is decorated with intricate carvings and inlaid work. The building is surrounded by four minarets, which are designed to lean slightly outwards to protect the main building in the event of an earthquake.

The Taj Mahal is also known for its beautiful gardens, which are divided into four parts by water channels. The gardens are laid out in a symmetrical pattern and are designed to represent the idea of paradise as described in Islamic literature.

One of the most striking features of the Taj Mahal is its dome, which is made of white marble and is 35 meters high. The dome is surrounded by four smaller domed chambers, which are also made of white marble. The interior of the Taj Mahal is just as impressive as its exterior, with intricate carvings, calligraphy, and inlaid work covering the walls and ceilings.

The Taj Mahal is also an example of the use of light and shadow in architecture. The building appears to change color depending on the time of day, with a pinkish hue at sunrise, milky white during the day, and golden at sunset.


The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of architecture and a symbol of love and perfection. Its construction required the dedication of thousands of workers and the talent of some of the best architects and craftsmen of the time. The Taj Mahal is not only a tribute to the love between Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, but also a testament to the artistic and cultural achievements of the Mughal Empire. Today, the Taj Mahal continues to inspire awe and wonder in visitors from all over the world.

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